OSHA TRAINING LEVELS ON HOW TO DEAL WIT HAZARDOUS MATERIAL SPILLS
It is important to note that the spill of hazardous materials and chemicals can just happen anywhere. Even if there is only a small chance that it could occur in your facility, your employees should be trained on what to do in a hazardous spill situation. In case of an hazardous waste spill, there are five main people who are most likely to be affected and that is why OSHA offers five levels of training for these individuals.
First Responder Awareness
The first responder is any person who enters the manufacturing facility even when they do not handle the chemicals. These employees need four hours of training and they learn the basics about the chemicals in the facility and their risks. The employees are taught how to identify an emergency and who to contact. Basically, the employees are taught how to detect emergency and who to get in touch with quickly.
First Responder Operations
The employees in this level are those that are responsible for keeping spills from spreading as well as keeping away unauthorized people. The amount of hours required for training this staff is mainly eight hours. They learn hazardous materials terms and risk assessment. Other skills taught include how to wear protective equipment and clothing as well as how to contain the spill.
Training the technicians.
These employees actually enter the spill area and stop spilled material from spreading. 24 hours of training is required in order to complete training in this level. Their training is mainly deep as it covers toxicological and chemical hazards as well as the techniques for assessing rich. Decontamination procedures, control techniques for spills as well as ways of identifying plug leaks are taught about at this level of training.
Hazardous Materials Specialist
This level trains the experts on how to handle hazardous materials in the site and how to communicate it with the federal state or government. They receive 24 hours of class training including detailed training on chemical, radiological and toxicological hazards. Here, the specialists learn how to carry out decontamination and how to contain a spill as well as the various personal protective gears available and which one is the most appropriate and for what situation.
This individuals are in charge of all the cleanups that happen after a spill and as a result the receive the highest level of training. The amount of hours needed for training varies from facility to facility but they are required at least 24 hours of class training. The commanders are required to have this information at their finger tips as they are required to come up with emergency response plans in case of a spill. Those trained in this level should be experts in medical risks as well as decontamination experts.