Shoulder surgery is a treatment that repairs diseased, damaged or degenerated shoulder joint. It treats various shoulder joint conditions and diseases. Some of the most common shoulder joints that shoulder surgery treats include shoulder dislocations, cuff tears, and shoulder separations. The surgery enables patients to regain their full motion and function of the joint.

 

Shoulder surgery is a major surgery with potential complications and severe risks. Before opting for a shoulder surgery, you should seek other alternative treatments by talking to your surgeon. Your surgeon will offer alternative treatment after examining the state of your shoulder joint. You can read more info here on some common types of shoulder surgeries.

Arthroscopy

It is a surgery that uses an arthroscope. It is a long and thin instrument that has a small camera. The arthroscope is inserted into the patient’s joint through an incision near or over the joint. The camera then conveys pictures of the inside structure of the joint to a video screen being viewed by the surgeon during the surgery. The surgery is suitable for soft tissue repairs, shoulder tendonitis, cuff problems, and frozen shoulder.

 

Arthroplasty

 

The form of surgery resurfaces or replaces diseased joints. It entails getting rid of damaged or arthritic bone surfaces and replacing them with an implant or artificial material. Some shoulder joint fractures require joint replacement. Your surgeon may advise you to get a shoulder arthroplasty for degenerative shoulder diseases.

 

Rotator cuff repair

 

It is used on torn rotator cuffs to reattach them. The treatment treats torn tendons in your shoulder joint. Therefore, you can choose a suitable shoulder surgery with the help of your surgeon.

 

Why shoulder surgery is done

 

Your surgeon may advise a shoulder surgery to treat diseased, damaged, and degenerated shoulder joint. The shoulder joint is made up of the upper are bone, which is also known as the humerus, and the shoulder blade, also known as scapula. Your shoulder also has the collarbone, also known as the clavicle. Tendons play a significant role in connecting tissues that attach muscles to arm bones and the shoulder. The rotator cuff consists of a group of tendons and muscles surrounding the shoulder joint.

 

Shoulder joints get damaged by injury, aging, overuse, and disease. Surgeons will only recommend shoulder surgery if they have tried other treatment options and they have not worked. You need to discuss with your surgeon about other available treatment options before settling for shoulder recovery. You can also consider getting a second opinion. Your orthopedic surgeon may recommend the surgery to treat conditions such as:

  • Arthritis, which is inflammation of the shoulder resulting from rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis

 

  • Bursitis, which is inflammation of the bursa sac
  • Fracture of the humerus or the collarbone
  • Shoulder dislocation that reappears often
  • Frozen shoulder, also referred to as adhesive capsulitis. It is characterized by stiffness of the shoulder joint.
  • A shoulder separation, which is a complete or partial tear of shoulder ligaments.

 

Shoulder surgeries are performed in a hospital, and the techniques vary depending on the surgery. However, the surgery is typically performed using minimally invasive surgery, open and mini-open surgery. Your orthopedic surgeon may use general anesthesia or regional anesthesia, and administer medications for relieving pain.